EQOL Journal (2022) 14(1): 33-40
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
33
The effects of corrective gymnastics on the postural status of the spine
in the frontal plane in preschool children
Aleksandar Miletić
1
Zoran Milić
2
Dejan Savićević
3
Darijan Ujsasi
1
Received: 2
nd
November, 2021 DOI: 10.31382/eqol.220604
Accepted: 26
th
May, 2022
© The Author(s) 2022. This article is published with open access.
Abstract
Postural irregularities, i.e., deviations from normal
posture, are a growing problem today. Physical
inactivity in preschool children can lead to some
physiological changes, which, if not remedied
timely, tend to more seriously impair health in later
stages of life. Muscle activity caused by
biomechanical adaptation to certain body positions
in a sedentary regime in children can form muscle
asymmetries. The study aimed to determine the
effects of corrective gymnastics on the postural
status of the spine in the frontal plane in preschool
children. The total sample of children (n=133; AGE:
6.2±0.6) was divided into three sub-samples:
experimental group E1 - 45 (25.57%), experimental
group with additional exercises E2 - 45 (25.57%)
and control group C-43 (48.86%). This is a
longitudinal-type study that involved the application
of a ten-week corrective gymnastics intervention on
children aged 5 to 7 from Subotica, who participated
in the formation of the sample. Based on the analysis
of the results of the multivariate analysis of variance
it can be concluded that there are no statistically
significant differences (P=0.17) between the
subjects from the experimental groups
and the control group in the variables used for
assessment of the spinal column in the frontal
plane, and it is necessary to extend the treatment
time in preschool children when corrective
gymnastics is applied to changes in postural status
when it is observed in the frontal plane.
Keywords postural status muscle asymmetries
corrective gymnastics.
Introduction
The report of the World Health Organization
(WHO, 2016) indicates the importance of physical
inactivity and its negative correlation with the
level of quality of life, and sociological aspects of
children’s development, i.e., with the maintenance
of health homeostasis in general. Physical
inactivity in preschool children can lead to some
physiological changes, which, if not remedied
timely, tend to more seriously impair health in later
stages of life. Muscle activity caused by
biomechanical adaptation to certain body positions
in a sedentary regime in children can form postural
stability. It is these changes in the structure of the
locomotor system that have a rather negative effect
not only on the formation of the spinal column but
also on the creation of conditions for the
progression of many other dysfunctions in the
body (Davidov et al., 2015) even in adulthood
(Simonenko, Medvedev, & Yu, 2008; Kutafina &
Medvedev, 2015). Disturbed posture can be seen
as a precondition for the formation of impaired
postures in the true sense. If they are not treated
adequately, they tend to disturb the harmonious
musculoskeletal balance and can lead to the
changes in the spinal
zoranmilic@yahoo.com
1
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sport and
Physical Education, Novi Sad, Serbia
2
University of Educons, Teacher Education
Faculty, Novi Sad, Serbia
3
College of Vocational Studies for Preschool
Teachers and Business Informatics Specialists,
Subotica, Serbia