Raiola Gaetano, Faculty of Education Science, University of Salerno, Italy


In recent years Italian primary school, as called in the past time elementary school, that
goes between 5 years old to 10, has been updated in the ministerial documents relating to the
educational activities. At the same time, recent discoveries about the brain have changed the
scientific bases on which are based educational psycho-pedagogy theories concerning movement
learning on motor control system such as closed loop, open loop and motor imagery. The
purpose of this work is to identify into the ministerial documents regarding the educational
activities such as aspects of psycho-pedagogy in the field of body and movement research that
relates to neurological and scientific discoveries on motor control and movement learning. The
method of research is mixed: theoretical-argumentative approach about scientific paradigms
regarding the motor learning in the early years of life and historical-documentary one about the
ministerial documents relating to the teaching activities. The results did not carry out particular
aspects of education and didactics that can be connected to the new neuro-scientific theories and
suggest to update them. All ministerial documents published do not provide any reference to
recent discoveries related to the theory of movement and to correlate these according to didactics
of motor activities. It may be useful to deepen further the study and deliver the results to the
governmental Experts for the necessary updates to fill up the vacuum.

Keywords: regulation documents, motor imagery, open loop, closed loop


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Neurophysiological studies and school regulatives
Regulations References
Decree of Republic President DPR no. 89 of 20 march 2009 Revisione dell’assetto
ordinamentale didattico organizzativo del primo ciclo di istruzione. Revision of
the educational organization regulated directions for the first cycle of the school.
Ministerial Decree D.M. 31 July 2007, Indicazioni per il Curriculo per il primo ciclio di
istruzione, The Guidelines for the curriculum of the first cycle of education.
Legislative Decree DLGS no. 59 of 19 February 2004 – Attachment A – National Guideline for
the Programs of studies of the first cycle of education National Guidelines for
Personalized Programs of the Educational Activities in the first cycle of education,
Specific Learning Objectives, Recommendation to put into practice the National
Guidelines for Personalized Programs of the Educational Activities.
Decree of Republic President DPR no. 104 of 12 February 1985 Programmi per la scuola
elementare Programme for the educational activity in elementary school.
Decree of Republic President DPR no. 503 of 14 June 1955 Programmi per la scuola elemntare
Programme for the educational activity in elementary school.