Socio-economic characteristics of families and physical activity of children

Zoran Milosevic• Nebojsa Maksimovic • Ivana Milovanovic • Radenko Matic•
Damjan Jaksic• Jovan Vukovic


Abstract
This study presents the results of empirical research conducted with the aim of analyzing differences in the physical activity of children in relation to the socio-economic characteristics of their families. The research was conducted by applying a questionnaire distributed to pupils aged 11-12 years, who live in the city of Novi Sad (the city and the village of Rumenka, Veternik, Kac, Bukovac, Futog). Bearing in mind that the work is a part of a broader research, the authors’ attention was focused on the objective, and the evaluation of the respondents on the socioeconomic status of the family, as well as differences in physical activity among boys and girls, and children who live in urban or rural setting. As dominant in this study stands out the finding of the author that the socioeconomic characteristics of families significantly affect the intensity, form and quality of physical activity of children. Since such a finding puts children living in families with low socioeconomic status into a disadvantaged position, the authors believe that with the findings of this and compatible researches it is needed to familiarize with the wider academic community, in order to include other social institutions in the process of affirmation of physical activity as an important lifestyle quality in children and youth.

Keywords Socio-economic characteristics • Children • Family • Physical activity



References
Alexandre, M., Obert, P., Bonnet, P., & Courteix, D. (2003). Effects of socio-economic status on physical activity of prepubescent children. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 28(2), 190-203. Brodersen N. H., Steptoe, A., Boniface, D. R., & Wardle, J. (2007). Trends in physical activity and sedentary behaviour inadolescence: ethnic and socioeconomic differences. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41(3), 140–144. De Cocker, K., Artero, E.G., De Henauw, S., Dietrich, S., Gottrand, F., Béghin, L., Hagströmer, M., Sjöström, M., Plada, M., Manios, Y., Mauro, B., Molnár, D., Moreno, L.A., Ottevaere, C., Valtueña, J., Maes, L., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2012). Can differences in physical activity by socio-economic status in European adolescents be explained by differences in psychosocial correlates? A mediation analysis within the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. Public Health Nutrution, 15(11), 2100-2109. Djordjic, V. (2006). Parents and physical activity of children of preschool and early school age. [Roditelji i fizička aktivnost dece predškolskog i mlađeg školskog uzrasta]. In Proceedings of the interdisciplinary scientific conference with international participation: Anthropological status and physical activity of children and youth (127-134). Novi Sad: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education. Djordjic, V., & Krneta, Z. (2007). Adolescents and sport: a gender perspective. [Adolescenti i sport: rodna perspektiva]. In Proceedings of the III International Conference “Sports Management” (171-178). Belgrade: University “Braca Karic”: Faculty of sport management; Olympic Committee of Serbia Djordjic, V., & Matic, R. (2008). Age and gender as factors of influence on the physical activity of children and adolescents. [Uzrast i pol kao faktori uticaja na fizičku aktivnost dece i adolescenata]. In G. Bala (ed.), Anthropological status and physical activity of children and youth (pp. 55-77). Novi Sad: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education. Giulianotti, R. (2008). Sport: critical sociology. [Sport: kriticka sociologija]. Belgrade: Clio. Klein, M., Fröhlich, M., Pieter, A., & Emrich, E. (2016). Socio-economic status and motor performance of children and adolescents. European Journal Of Sport Science, 16(2), 229-236. Kuljic, R., Matic, R., & Maksimovic, N. (2014). Socioeconomic characteristics of physical activity of children in early school age. Proceedings of Matica Srpska for Social Sciences, 146(1), 119-128. La Torre, G., Masala, D., Vito De E., Arzano, I., Fargione, V., & Capelli, G. (2003). Physical activity and Socio-economic status: results of a pilot study. Medicina dello sport, 56(3)175-183. 7 EQOL Journal (2016) 8(2): 3-8 Maksimovic, N., & Matic, R. (2006). Socio-economic characteristics as determinants of physical activity of parents and their children [Socio-ekonomske karakteristike kao determinante u fizičkoj aktivnosti roditelja i njihove dece]. In G. Bala (Eds.) Anthropological status and physical activity of children and youth (257-264). Novi Sad: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education. Matic, R., & Jaksic, D. (2007). Socio-economic characteristics and motor behavior of girls of younger school age [Socio-ekonomske karakteristike i motoričko ponašanje devojčica mlađeg školskog uzrasta.]. In G. Bala (Ed.) Anthropological status and physical activity of children, youth and adults (213- 221). Novi Sad: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education. Matic, R., Kuljic, R., & Maksimovic, N. (2010). Motor behavior and socio-economic environment [Motoričko ponašanje i socio-ekonomsko okruženje]. Teme, 4, 1247-1260. Matsudo, V. K., Andrade, E. L., Matsudo, S. M., Araujo, T. L., Guedes, J. S., Andrade, D. R., & Oliveira, L. C. (2006). Changes in Levels of Physical Activity According to Socio-Economic Level, After Five Years of an Intervention Program. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 38(5), S369. Mayer, E.S. (2002). The Influence of Parental Income on Children’s Outcomes, Wellington: Knowledge Management Group, Ministry of Social Development. Mollborn, S., Lawrence, E., James-Hawkins, L., & Fomby, P. (2013). When do socioeconomic resources matter most in early childhood?. Population program. Institute of Behavioral Sciences: University of Colorado Boulder. Neves, R. C., Araujo, T. L., Cruciani, F., Andrade, E. L., Matsudo, S. M., & Matsudo, V. K. (2005). Impact Of A Five-year Intervention Program On Physical Activity Level Of A Low Socio-economic Region. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 37(5), 248- 249. Rowland, T. W. (1999). Adolescence: A „risk factor“ for physical inactivity. President’s council on Physical Fitness and Sports, 3(6), 1-8. Sallis, J. F., Prochaska, J. J., & Taylor,W. C. (2000). A Review of Correlates of Physical Activity of Children and Adolescents. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32 (5), 963-975. Scheerder, J., Vanreusel, B., Taks, M., & Renson R. (2005). Social stratification patterns in adolescents’ active sports participation behaviour: a time trend analysis 1969-1999. European Physical Educational Review, 11(1), 5-27. Strauss, R. S., Rodzilsky, D., Burack, G., & Colin, M. (2001). Psychosocial Correlates of Physical Activity in Healthy Children. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 155(8), 897-902. Vandendriessche J.B., Vandorpe, B.F., Vaeyens, R, Malina, R.M., Lefevre, J., Lenoir, M., & Philippaerts, R.M. (2012). Variation in sport participation, fitness and motor coordination with socioeconomic status among Flemish children