Faculty of Sports and Physical Education – University of Novi Sad
Idiopathic scoliosis is a deformity of the spinal column and is found among healthy children.
Etiology of idiopathic scoliosis is unknown. Spinal shift occurs in all three planes followed
by muscle disfunction and reduced vital capacity of the lungs. Asymmetric loading on the spine
can be listed as one of the factors of rapid progression of scoliosis, whereby large pressure is put on
the concave side of the scoliotic curvature due to the shift of standing balance of the body. Rehabilitation
is based upon improvement of functionality, ability and capacity of the patient with scoliosis.
The initial stage of rehabilitation rests on correct diagnosis and estimation of patient’s condition
in order to commence the treatment in the best possible manner. The Schroth method has a
long-standing tradition and is primarily applied in correction of scoliosis. It is based on three-dimensional
breathing, proper pelvic correction and specific exercises and education of patients in
order to continue the treatment at home.
Keywords: the Schroth method, scoliosis, asymmetric loading, muscle disbalance
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