Physiological responses during arm and leg aerobic power tests in elite female judokas

Tatjana Trivić • Cristina Casals • Patrik Drid

DOI: 10.31382/eqol.161204


The aim of this study was to compare physiological responses during arm and leg aerobic power tests. Ten elite female judokas of the Serbian National Team participated in the study. In addition to the Special Judo Fitness Test (SJFT), maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and anaerobic threshold (AT) were determined using an arm crank ergometer and a treadmill. Body fat percentage was estimated by bio-impedance. The VO2max was only 3 ml∙kg–1∙min–1 higher on the treadmill than in the arm crank (p<0.03), the AT was also higher on the treadmill test (8.6 l∙min– 1, p=0.005). Nevertheless, the SJFT results were significantly correlated only with the maximal heart rate during the treadmill test (r=0.77, p<0.01 for index; r=-0.73, p<0.02 for total throws). Body fat percentage was correlated with VO2max (r=-0.67, p<0.05) and AT in the arm crank test (r=-0.88, p=0.001). The maximal oxygen uptake was not statistically correlated with the SJFT results in elite female judokas. However, judokas who had higher maximal heart rate during the treadmill test, showed a worse judo-specific capacity on the SJFT. Female judokas with higher body fat seem to have lower VO2max and AT, with statistically significant correlations in the arm crank, and close to significance on the treadmill. On the other hand, arm crank and treadmill tests presented different results concerning aerobic capacity. However, our female judokas interestingly presented similar VO2max results during both aerobic tests, which highlights some judo-specific demands on the upper-body aerobic fitness.

Keywords arm crank • treadmill • anaerobic threshold

Almansba, R., Stanislaw, S., Belkacem, R., Sterkowicz- Przybycien, K., & Mahdad, D. (2011). Anthropometrical and physiological profiles of the Algerian Olympic judoists. Archives of Budo, 6, 185- 193.

Drid, P., Maksimović, R., Matić, R., Obradović, B., Milošević, Z., & Ostojić, S.M. (2009). Fitness profiles of elite female judokas of the Serbian national team. Med Sport, 62(3), 251-263.

Drid, P, Bala, G, & Obadov, S. (2010). The differences in motor and cognitive abilities between the more and less successful 12–14 years old judokas. Arch Budo, 6, 95–100.

Drid, P., Trivić, T., & Tabakov, S. (2012). Special judo fitness test-a review. Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences, 6(4).

Drid, P., Casals, C., Mekic, A., Radjo, I., Stojanovic, M., & Ostojic, S.M. (2015). Fitness and anthropometric profiles of international vs. National judo medallists in half-heavyweight category. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(8), 2115-2121.

Franchini, E., Takito, MY., Kiss MAPDM et al. (2005). Physical fitness and anthropometrical differences between elite and non-elite judo players. Biol Sport, 22, 315-328.

Franchini, E., Nunes, AV., Morales JM., et al. (2007). Physical fitness and anthropometrical profile of the Brazilian male judo team. J PhysiolAnthropol, 26, 59- 67.

Franchini, E., Cassio de Moreas Bertuzzi, R., Takito, M.Y., & Kiss, M. A. (2009). Effects of recovery type after a judo match on blood lactate and performance in specific and non-specific judo tasks. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 107(4), 377-383.

Franchini, E., Vecchio, F.B., Matsushigue, K.A., & Guilherme, A.G. (2011). Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes. Sports Med, 41(2), 147-166.

Gariod, L., Favre-Juvin, A., Novel, V., et al. (1995). Evaluation du profit energetique des judokas par spectroscopie RMN du P31. Sci Sports, 10(4), 201- 207.

Jagiello, W., Wolska, B., & Smulski, W. (2009). Physical preparation of female judo competitors at selected stages of long-standing sports training. Archives of Budo, 5, 47-53.

Sterkowicz, S. (1995). Test specjalnej sprawnościruchowej w judo. Antropomotoryka, 12, 29–44. [in Polish]