Sara Szakal, Master degree student, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
Women generally live longer than men because of both biological and behavioural advantages;
still womens longer lives are not necessarily healthy lives. Considering that women from rural
areas are often recognized as particularly vulnerable social groups concerning quality of life and
physical activity, the study was conducted aiming to determine physical functioning and general
health of women from urban and rural areas, as well as to examine differences between them in
these health domains. Sample comprises of females aged 30 to 60 yrs, totally 146 participants
(73 from urban areas, 73 from rural areas). For the purposes of this study two scales, Physical
functioning and General health perceptions, from the SF-36 Health Survey. The results obtained
show that significant differences between two groups of participant exist in both domains, with
more positive self-perceptions of physical functioning in urban females and more positive global
health perceptions in rural females. These results confirm that personal satisfaction and
perception of ones global health are affected not merely by the physical functioning, but by
other health components as well.
Keywords: women, health, physical functioning, rural areas, urban areas
Blagojeviã, M. (2006). Seoske enske organizacije u Vojvodini.. Novi Sad: Pokrajinski zavod za
Byles, J., Mishra, G. & Brookes, J. (2005). Landscapes of healthy ageing. National Rural Health
Conference, 12(3), 101-118.
Cleary, K. K., & Howell, M. D. (2006). Using the SF-36 to Determine Perceived Health-Related
Quality of Life in Rural Idaho Seniors. Journal of Allied Health, 35 (3), 156-161.
Cvejiã, S., Baboviã, M., Petroviã, M., Bogdanov, N. i Vukoviã, O. (2010). Socijalna iskljuèenost
u ruralnim oblastima Srbije. Beograd: UNDP Srbija, Centar za inkluzivni razvoj.
Ðorðiã, V. (2011). Rezultati istraivanja o finansiranju enskog sporta u optinama Vojvodine.
U Poloaj ena u sportu u Vojvodini (29-38). Kikinda: Centar za podrku enama, Novi
Sad: Pokrajinski sekretarijat za sport i omladinu.
Stewart, A. L, & Ware, J. E. (1992). Measuring Functioning and Well-Being: The Medical
Outcomes Study Approach. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Ware, J. E, Kosinski, M., & Keller, S. K. (1994). SF-36® Physical and Mental Health Summary
Scales: A User’s Manual. Boston, MA: The Health Institute.
Ware, J. E., Snow, K. K., Kosinski, M., & Gandek, B. (1993). SF-36® Health Survey Manual
and Interpretation Guide. Boston, MA: New England Medical Center, The Health
Ware, J. E, Jr., Kosinski, M., Bayliss, M. S., McHorney, C. A, Rogers, W. H, & Raczek, A.
(1995). Comparison of methods for the scoring and statistical analysis of SF 36 Health
Profile and Summary Measures: Summary of results from the Medical Outcomes Study.
Medical Care, 33, AS264-AS279.
WHOQOL: Measuring quality of life (1997). Geneve: World Health Organization. Retrieved
April 4, 2011 from http://www.who.int/mental_health/media/68.pdf
World Health Organization (2009). Executive Summary: Women and Health: Todays Evidence,
Tomorrows Agenda. Geneve: Author.