Level of physical activity and quality of life associated with health in Paraguay adults

Eliana R. Meza-Miranda • Jazmín Giménez

DOI: 10.31382/eqol.211201


Abstract

Studies have shown that the performance of scheduled physical activity is positively related to a higher quality of life related to health. The objective of this study was to evaluate the level of physical activity according to the quality of life in the adult population of Paraguay in the period from November to December 2020. A descriptive, analytical cross-sectional design study, which included 211 adults of both sexes. Sociodemographic data such as age, sex and origin were collected, as well as data on physical activity (IPAQ/METS questionnaire) and quality of life (EuroQol-5D questionnaire). The predominant sex was female (89%), 53.5% resided in Gran Asunción and the average age was 34.6±10.6. The level of physical activity was mostly moderate (36.5%). The quality of life index was 0.67±0.15 and the perception of health was 79.12±18.35. Within the dimensions of quality of life, it was observed that 23% had moderate pain or discomfort and that 33% had moderate depression or anxiety. Significant differences were found between the level of physical activity and the quality of life index and the perception of health. The level of physical activity is a determinant of health-related quality of life, the greater the intensity of physical activity, the better the quality and perception of health indices in adults.

Keywords: physical activity • quality of life • adults.




References

Attema AE., Brouwer WBF., Prades JLP. (2018). Peer effects in health valuation: the relation between rating of contemporaries’ health and own health. Heal Qual Life Outcomes. 16(1):148.

Bize R., Johnson JA., Plotnikoff RC. (2007). Physical activity level and health-related quality of life in the general adult population: a systematic review. Prev Med. 45(6):401–15.

Hallal PC., Andersen LB., Bull FC., Guthold R., Haskell W., Ekelund U., Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. (2012). Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet. 380:247–57.

Huang W., Yu H., Liu C., Liu G., Wu Q., Zhou J., Zhang X., Zhao X., Shi L., Xu X. (2017). Assessing Health-Related Quality of Life of Chinese Adults in Heilongjiang Using EQ-5D-3L. Int J Env Res Public Heal. 14(3):224.

Jönsson, T., Ekvall Hansson, E., Thorstensson, C. A., Eek, F., Bergman, P., & Dahlberg, L. E. (2018). The effect of education and supervised exercise on physical activity, pain, quality of life and self-efficacy – an intervention study with a reference group. BMC musculoskeletal disorders, 19(1), 198.

Krzepota, J., Sadowska, D., & Biernat, E. (2018). Relationships between Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Pregnant Women in the Second and Third Trimester. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(12), 2745.

Panzini RG., Mosqueiro BP., Zimpel RR., Bandeira DR., Rocha NS., Fleck MP. (2017). Quality-of-life and spirituality. Int Rev Psychiat. 29(3):263-282.

Pedersen, Bente Klarlund. (2019). The Physiology of Optimizing Health with a Focus on Exercise as Medicine. Annu Rev Physiol. 81:607–27.

Pucci, G. C., Rech, C. R., Fermino, R. C., & Reis, R. S. (2012). Association between physical activity and quality of life in adults. Revista de Saude Publica, 46(1), 166–179.

Puciato D., Borysiuk Z., Rozpara M. (2017). Quality of life and physical activity in an older working-age population. Clin Interv Aging. 12:1627-1634

Saridi, M., Filippopoulou, T., Tzitzikos, G., Sarafis, P., Souliotis, K., & Karakatsani, D. (2019). Correlating physical activity and quality of life of healthcare workers. BMC research notes, 12(1), 208.

Silva AOD., Diniz PRB., Santos MEP., Ritti-Dias RM., Farah BQ., Tassitano RM., Oliveira LMFT. (2019). Health self-perception and its association with physical activity and nutritional status in adolescents. J Pediatr (Rio J). 95(4):458–65

Su TT., Azzani M., Adewale AP., Thangiah N., Zainol R., Majid H. (2019). Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Low-Income Adults in Metropolitan Kuala Lumpur. J Epidemiol. 29(2):43–9.

Szemik S., Kowalska M., Kulik H. (2019). Quality of Life and Health among People Living in an Industrial Area of Poland. Int J Env Res Public Heal. 16(7):1221.

Vagetti GC., Barbosa Filho VC., Moreira NB., Oliveira VD., Mazzardo O., Campos WD. (2014). Association between physical activity and quality of life in the elderly: a systematic review, 2000-2012. Braz J Psychiatry. 36(1):76–88.

Wu XY., Han LH., Zhang JH., Luo S., Hu JW., Sun K. (2017). The influence of physical activity, sedentary behavior on health-related quality of life among the general population of children and adolescents: A systematic review. PLoS One. 12(11): e0187668.

World Health Organization. Fact sheet physical activity. Physical activity. Fact sheet. [Internet]. 2017. Available from: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/%0Aassets/pdf_file/0005/28804 1/WHO-Fact-Sheet -PA-2015.pdf.