Goran Žakula and Tatjana Tubić
Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Novi Sad, Serbia
The aim of this study is to examine differences in stress coping between handball players of
different competitive experience. The sample consists of 127 handball players from 10 clubs
in Serbia, 83 of whom are males and 44 are females. All participants are divided in three
groups, which are formed according to their competitive experience: up to 5 years (n = 42),
up to 10 years (n = 58), over 10 years (n = 26), with an assumption that there are no
significant differences between male and female handball players (p = .909). General Self-
Efficacy Scale (SGSE; Schwarzer, & Jerusalem, 1981) is applied. The findings indicate that
there are significant differences in stress coping between handball players with different
levels of competitive experience (p = .021); the longer the competitive experience, the more
efficient stress coping is. As regards the findings of previous studies and the specificity of
handball, this paper provides possible explanation of obtained results and their
implementation in everyday activities of athletes and coaches.
Keywords: stress coping, handball players, competitive experience
Chen, G., Guly, S., Eden, D. (2001) Validation of New General Self – Efficacy Scale.
Organizational Research Methods, 4, 62.
Feltz, D. L. (2007). Efficacy belief in sport: research on athletes, teams, and coaches.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78, A2–3.
Fernandes, M.G., Nunes, N. A. S., Vasconcelos-Raposo, J., Fernandes, M. H. (2015) Factors
influencing competitive anxiety in Brazilian athletes. Revista Brasileira de
Cineantropometria Desmpenho Humano, 1,706-714.
Fitzsimmons, P.A., Landers, M.D., Thomas, R.J. & Van der Mars H. (1991) Does Self-
Efficacy Predict Performance in Experienced Weightlifters? Research
Quarterly for Excercise and Sport, 62, 424-431.
Gould, D., Petlichkoff, L., Weinberg, R. (1984) Antecedents Of, Temporal Changes In, And
Relationships Between CSAI-2 Subcomponents. Journal of Sport Psychology,
Haney, C. J., & Long, B. C. (1995). Coping effectiveness: A path analysis of selfefficacy,
control, coping, and performance in sport competitions. Journal of Applied
Social, Psychology, 25, 1726-1746.
Martin, J.J., Gill, L.D. (1991) The Relationships Among Competitive Orientation, Sport-
Confidence, Self-Efficacy, Anxiety, and Performance. Journal of Sport &
Excercise Psychology, 13, 149-159.
Hanton, S., Neil, R., Mellalieu, S., Fletcher, D. (2008) Competitive experience and
performance status: An investigation into multidimensional anxiety and
coping. European Journal of Sport Science, 8(3), 143-152.
Rokka, S., Mavridis, E., Bebestos, K., Mavridis, K (2008) Competitive State Anxiety among
Junior Handball Players. Scanidanivan Journal of Medicine and Science in
Sport, 42, 148-153.
Shelangoski, B.L. (2014) Self-Efficacy in intercollegiate athletics, Journal of Issues in
Intercollegiate Athletics,7, 17-42.
Thomas, G. R. (1994) Self-Confidence and Baseball Performance: A Casual Examanation of
Self-Efficacy Theory. Journal of Sport and Excerise Psychology, 1994,
Treasure, D.C., Monson, J., Lox, C. (1996) Relationship between Self-Efficacy, Wrestling
performance, and Affect Prior to Competition. Journal of Human
Weinman, J., Wright, S., & Johnston, M. (1995) Measures in health psychology: A user’s
portfolio. Causal and control beliefs. Windsor, UK: NFER-NELSON.